Who Signed The Munich Agreement In 1938

In the spring of 1938, Hitler openly began to support calls from German spokesmen living in the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia for closer relations with Germany. Hitler had recently annexed Austria to Germany and the conquest of Czechoslovakia was the next step in his plan to create a “Greater Germany”. The Czechoslovakian government hoped that Britain and France would help in the event of a German invasion, but British Prime Minister Chamberlain tried to avoid war. He made two trips to Germany in September and offered favorable agreements to Hitler, but Fuhrer responded to his demands. Joseph Stalin was angry at the results of the Munich conference. On May 2, 1935, France and the Soviet Union signed the Franco-Soviet mutual aid treaty aimed at stemming the aggression of Nazi Germany. [56] The Soviets, who had a treaty of mutual military assistance with Czechoslovakia, felt betrayed by France, which also had a treaty of mutual military assistance with Czechoslovakia. [57] However, the British and French generally used the Soviets as a threat to swing over the Germans. Stalin concluded that the West had actively agreed with Hitler to transfer a central European country to the Germans, causing fear that they would do the same in the future with the Soviet Union, which allowed the division of the USSR between Western nations. This conviction led the Soviet Union to steer its foreign policy towards a rapprochement with Germany, which eventually led to the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in 1939.

[58] At the beginning of November 1938, after the failure of negotiations between Czechoslovakia and Hungary, after the failure of negotiations between Czechoslovakia and Hungary, as a recommendation for the settlement of territorial disputes annexed to the Munich agreement, the German-Italian arbitration demanded that Czechoslovakia cede southern Slovakia and one third of Slovak territory to Hungary, and Poland gradually gained small territorial departures (Zaolenzie). On his way back from Munich, Chamberlain told an excited crowd at Heston airport: “It is peace for our time” and he praised the agreement he had signed with Hitler.

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