Additional Protocol To The Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement

Over the years, the IAEA has also developed the state-level approach, which has become the name of an integrated approach to security. According to the State`s approach, the IAEA considers each State as a whole in the implementation and assessment of security measures, including nuclear activities and capabilities, instead of examining each facility in a given State separately. On the basis of a wide range of information, the Agency can then adapt a security approach to the country concerned. The IAEA has begun issuing a “broader conclusion” for some states, in which the CFS and PA are in force, as part of ongoing efforts to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of safeguard measures and reduce costs. The IAEA must recertify a broader conclusion each year and verify that a State`s declaration is both correct and complete. In other words, its nuclear material must remain for peaceful purposes, without any signs of distraction. In late 1993, the IAEA launched a comprehensive programme to further strengthen the implementation of security measures under the CSR by improving the IAEA`s ability to detect undeclared nuclear material and undeclared nuclear activities. Under the 93+2 programme, measures to enhance the effectiveness and effectiveness of IAEA safeguards for States with CSAs were presented to the IAEA Board of Governors. The Model Additional Protocol has been designed for all States that have concluded one of the three types of safeguards agreements with IAEA. States that have concluded comprehensive safeguards agreements (CSBs) that decide to conclude and enter into force additional protocols must accept all the provisions of the model additional protocol. States that have specific or voluntary offer agreements may accept and implement the measures of the Model Additional Protocol that they are prepared to adopt.

IAEA safeguard measures do not prohibit additional safeguard measures, bilateral or multilateral. Thus, in 1991, Brazil and Argentina concluded an agreement on Euratom`s bilateral safeguards (ABACC), which were prior to the NPT requirement and contribute to the safeguards agreements negotiated by its member States with the Agency. According to the IAEA, as of June 2020, there will be 175 states with comprehensive safeguards agreements. Each year, the IAEA reports to the Iaea`s Board of Governors, composed of IAEA member States, on the implementation of safeguard measures. States not party to the NPT may also sign safeguards agreements with iaea, known as specific safeguards agreements. India, Pakistan and Israel, for example, have placed civilian nuclear facilities under IAEA security measures and India has an additional protocol in force. The Additional Protocol is not a stand-alone agreement, but a protocol to a guarantee agreement that provides additional verification instruments. In particular, it significantly enhances the IAEA`s ability to address the peaceful use of all nuclear material in States with comprehensive security agreements. The IAEA and Canada concluded the first safeguards agreement in 1959, and in 1961 the IAEA Board of Governors approved a document that sets out the safeguard principles. Since 1961, both the scope and application of safeguard measures have evolved. In 2005, the IAEA Board of Governors decided that the protocols on small quantities would remain available with a revised standardized text that should be used for all future protocols on small quantities, and invited States, through initial protocols on small quantities, to adopt the revised protocol on small quantities as soon as possible. .

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