Despite all the advantages of a force-the-vote provision, its use is certainly not justified in all circumstances. For example, force-the-vote provisions, while permitted by Delaware law, are not applicable in all jurisdictions. Even if the board of directors of the target has carried out a full assessment of the market, as indicated above, these provisions can be considered excluded and mandatory in the context of a Deal analysis when used in combination with a quantum of other protective features of the agreement. However, in order to fend off topping offers, buyers should consider including a force-the-vote provision, especially when a topping offer has similar value, but the buyer`s agreement offers other important benefits, such as speed and security of closing, all cash payments, and low regulatory risk. At the other end of the spectrum, the “hard” provision is unlimited and requires a voice from the target entity`s shareholders, whether or not there is a higher offer. It is not permissible to terminate the buyout agreement on the basis of the general proposal, but the board of directors of the target company may modify or withdraw its recommendation to its shareholders. Under these conditions, the buyer usually has the right to terminate the contract before the meeting. While the above-mentioned final legal effect of an offer or exchange of shares is the same as the vote of such shares at a meeting of shareholders, the dynamics of an offer to exchange or acquire differ fundamentally from a discreet vote at a meeting or signature and consent. From the buyer`s point of view, to really parallel a force the vote requirement, a Force the Offer mechanic would have to formulate a clear referendum on the offer itself. Under SEC rules, offers must first be open for at least 20 business days and an additional 5 business days after a substantial change in an offer. Under these SEC rules, the parties to the two-tier merger generally provide for the initial 20 business day deadline for submission, followed by a right of delay by the buyer to extend the bidding deadline by a few shorter periods until the end of the merger agreement. As part of this process, all the essential conditions of the offer will have a significant impact on the level of intermediate offers or shareholders` stock exchanges; For example, if a bid deadline ended with an antitrust waiting period still in effect under the Hart-Scott Rodino Act, few shareholders would have served or exchanged shares under the same conditions, most waiting for this condition to be notified.